EFFECT OF FOLIAR SPRAYOF GIBBERELLINS, KELATEX (Ca), AND AMINOPLASMAL ON VEGETATIVE GRWOTH AND LEAF NUTRIENT OF POMEGRANATE TREES (Punica granatum L.) CV. MAHDAWI
This study was conducted during growing season of 2022 in a private orchard of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. Mahdawi which is located at Dulib village, Duhok Governorate, Kurdistan region to evaluate the efficacy of foliar spray of, Gibberellins (GA3) Kelatex (Ca) and Aminoplasmal (A). The experiment designed as a factorial experiment in a randomized complete block (RCBD) with three replications, for each treatment and each replicate was represented by one tree.
There were three concentrations of Gibberellins (0,50 and 100mg. L-1); three concentration of Ca (0, 200, and 400mg. L-1) and three concentrations of Aminoplasmal (0, 100 and 200ml.L-1) in the study. The results showed that GA3 at 100mg. L-1 had a significant effect on leaf area, leaf dry weight, leaf chlorophyll content, leaf nitrogen content and leaf calcium content when compared to control. On the other hand, that Ca at 400 mg. l-1 had significant effect on leaf dry weight, leaf chlorophyll and leaf calcium content when compared to control, in addition to Aminoplasmal at 200 mg. L-1 had significantly affected leaf area, leaf dry weight, chlorophyll content, nitrogen content, and calcium content. Furthermore, the interaction between (GA3, Ca and A) had significant effect on leaf chlorophyll, leaf calcium content, leaf nitrogen content, and leaf area at concentrations of (100, 400, and 200 mg. L-1) respectively. However, the leaf dry weight was significantly affected at concentrations of (100,200 and 200 mg. L-1) respectively
Carl, W., & Emrich, L. S. (1991). Management of oral mucositis during local radiation and systemic chemotherapy: a study of 98 patients. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 66(3), 361-369.
Davarpanah, S., Tehranifar, A., Abadía, J., Val, J., Davarynejad, G., Aran, M., and Khorassani, R. (2018). Foliar calcium fertilization reduces fruit cracking in pomegranate (Punica granatum cv. Ardestani). Scientia Horticulturae, 230, 86-91.
Davies, D. D. (1982). Physiological aspects of protein turnover. Nucleic Acids and Proteins in Plants I: Structure, Biochemistry and Physiology of Proteins, 189-228.
Gan, L., Su, H., Yan, M., Han, L., & Yin, S. (2021). Differential expression of gibberellin‐related genes in wild type and dwarf mutant of Poa pratensis implied their roles in regulating plant height. Crop Science, 61(5), 3023-3034.
Harhash, M. M., Ali, M. A., El-Megeed, A., & Ben Hifaa, A. B. (2019). Effect of some growth regulators, nutrient elements and kaolin on cracking and fruit quality of pomegranate ‘Wonderful’cultivar. Journal of the Advances in Agricultural Researches, 24(3), 280-297.
Khalil, H. A., and Aly, H. S. (2013). Cracking and fruit quality of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) as affected by pre-harvest sprays of some growth regulators and mineral nutrients. Journal of Horticultural Science and Ornamental Plants, 5(2), 71-76.
Khodair, O. A., & El-Rahman, A. (2021). Response of manfalouty Pomegranate trees to foliar application of humic acid and amino acids. SVU-International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1), 10-17.
Korkmaz, A. (2017). Exact solutions to (3+ 1) conformable time fractional Jimbo–Miwa, Zakharov–Kuznetsov and modified Zakharov–Kuznetsov equations. Communications in Theoretical Physics, 67(5), 479.
Legua, P., Melgarejo., Abdel Majid, H., Martínez, J. J., Martinez, R., Ilham, H., ... and Hernández, F. (2012). Total phenols and antioxidant capacity in 10 Moroccan pomegranate varieties. Journal of food science, 77(1), C115-C120.
Lekshmi, A., Varadarajan, S. N., Lupitha, S. S., Indira, D., Mathew, K. A., Chandrasekharan Nair, A., ... and Santhoshkumar, T. R. (2017). A quantitative real-time approach for discriminating apoptosis and necrosis. Cell death discovery, 3(1), 1-10.
Marschner, P., Marino, W., & Lieberei, R. (2002). Seasonal effects on microorganisms in the rhizosphere of two tropical plants in a polyculture agroforestry system in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35, 68-71.
Masoud, A. A. B., Ibraheem, F. E., & Khodair, O. A. (2019). Effect of Gibberellic Acid, Naphthalenacetic acid, Calcium and Zinc Spraying on Fruiting of Manfalouty Pomegranate Trees. Assiut Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50(2), 219-228.
Merwad, A. R. M. (2016). Efficiency of potassium fertilization and salicylic acid on yield and nutrient accumulation of sugar beet grown on saline soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 47(9), 1184-1192.
Mirdehghan, S. H., Rahemi, M., Serrano, M., Guillén, F., Martínez-Romero, D., & Valero, D. (2006). Prestorage heat treatment to maintain nutritive and functional properties during postharvest cold storage of pomegranate. Journal of Agricultural and food Chemistry, 54(22), 8495-8500.
Naik, S. K., and Chand, P. K. (2011). Tissue culture-mediated biotechnological intervention in pomegranate: a review. Plant cell reports, 30(5), 707-721. devices. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133(26), 9960-9963.
OlyaieTorshiz,0. A,., Goldansaz, S. H., Motesharezadeh, B., Asgari Sarcheshmeh, M. A., and Zarei, A. (2017). Effect of organic and biological fertilizers on pomegranate trees: yield, cracking, sunburning and infestation to pomegranate fruit moth Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Journal of Crop Protection, 6(3), 327-340.
Shiraishi, K., Takihara, H., and Matsuyama, H. (2010). Elevated scrotal temperature, but not varicocele grade, reflects testicular oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis. World journal of urology, 28(3), 359-364.
Wassel, C. L., Berardi, C., Pankow, J. S., Larson, N. B., Decker, P. A., Hanson, N. Q., ... & Bielinski, S. J. (2015). Soluble P-selectin predicts lower extremity peripheral artery disease incidence and change in the ankle brachial index: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Atherosclerosis, 239(2), 405-411
It is the policy of the Journal of Duhok University to own the copyright of the technical contributions. It publishes and facilitates the appropriate re-utilize of the published materials by others. Photocopying is permitted with credit and referring to the source for individuals use.
Copyright © 2017. All Rights Reserved.