BIOREMEDIATION OF HEAVILY CONTAMINATED SOIL IN WASHEINDUSTRIAL AREA USING BIO-COMPOSTING TECHNIQUE WITH SHEEP AND CHICKEN MANURE IN KURDISTAN REGION, IRAQ
Their derivatives were taken (195.5-200) m downward the private refinery factories in kwashê industrial area in the west of Duhok city about 35 km. bioremediation of the contaminated soil were done by bio- composting with sheep and chicken manure and were affected some soil physical, chemical and biological properties. The rise of the composting heaps pH reached its peak at the 3 months for the both sheep and chicken manure but even greater than the control (zero time).Statistical analysis of electrical conductivity changed within time and manure treatments showed a decline in electrical conductivity value through the whole time of experiment and in both manure kinds. Although, the heights decline of EC value were noticed after 3 months of composting process (3.6 ± 0.1) as a result of, interaction time and manure kinds. The boosts of both organic matter and hydrocarbon degradation occurred after 1 month to 3 months, and sheep, then was recorded high percentage 14.1% organic matter remained and 31.49% organic matter, then was remained in chicken manure. In the first month of bio composting the rate of oil biodegradation reached 32.88% with sheep manure and 27.88% with chicken manure. The rate of highest degradation of oil were obtained in the case of sheep manure after 3 and 5 months and recorded 50% and 86.912% respectively comparing with 36.24% and66.44% in the case of chicken manure in the same time respectively
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