ECONOMIC IMPACT OF GENOCIDE AND MASS ATROCITIES IN IRAQ FROM 2014 TO 2018

  • FARHAD RAFAAT AL-KAKE
  • MARIA RITA CORTICELLI
Keywords: Iraq, Christians, Genocide, Minorities.

Abstract

The Kurds have suffered different genocides: until 2003, the abduction and killing of eight thousands males belonging to the Barzani family, the Anfal campaign, the chemical attack on Halabja, to quote the most known ones. At the same time, together with persecution for ethnic reasons, each religious minority including Christians, Yezidis, Kaka’is, Sabbeans Mandeans, Shabbaks and others, have been targeted by the Muslim majority.
Despite all the attention given by researchers to the human tragedies caused by this endless cycle of violence, very little has been written about the economic cost of the genocides committed against minorities in Iraq. Relying on primary and secondary sources the purpose of this paper is to analyse the economic impact of the genocides committed in Iraq between 2014 and 2018. We are aware of the tragedy experienced by different minorities during this time. However, we decided to focus their attention on the Christian community for two reasons: first, the availability of sufficient official data to run a exhaustive analysis; second, the conviction that this paper will provide an inspiration for future similar studies related to other minorities such as Yezidis, Kakais, Sabbeans Mandeans, Shabaks and others affected by genocide and mass atrocities in the last fifty years. This study is based on primary.
(209 words)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anderton, C. (2016). Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and their Preventions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cetrez, O. (2017). The Year of the Sword: Sayfo - The Genocide Against the Assyrian, Syriac, and Chaldean Christians in the Ottoman Empire. New York: Berghahn Publishing House.
Chmytelli, M., Agagy, A. ‘Iraq says reconstruction after war on Islamic State to cost $88 billion’. [online] Available at: (https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-mideast-crisis-iraq-reconstruction/iraq-says-reconstruction-after-war-on-islamic-state-to-cost-88-billion-idUKKBN1FW0PH. [Accessed, 07 February, 2019].
Donabed, S. (2015). Reforging a forgotten history: Iraq and the Assyrians in the Twentieth Century. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Halliday, F. (2005). The Middle East in International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sorya Martyrs Laid to Rest in Their Village. Ishtar, [online]. Available at: 19/09/2011, http://www.ishtartv.com/en/viewarticle,35376.html [Accessed May 8, 2018].
The World Bank Group, (2015). The Kurdistan region of Iraq: assessing the economic and social impact of the Syrian conflict and ISIS.
Joint Crises Coordination Center, (2016). Baghdad’s Flight Embargo on KRI’s Airports has direly affected Millions of People Across Kurdistan Region and Iraq, [online]. Available at: http://jcc.gov.krd/en/article/read/146 [Accessed May 9, 2018].
IMPACT IRAQ, (2016) Labour Market Assessment.
Published
2020-07-30
How to Cite
RAFAAT AL-KAKE, F., & RITA CORTICELLI , M. (2020). ECONOMIC IMPACT OF GENOCIDE AND MASS ATROCITIES IN IRAQ FROM 2014 TO 2018. Journal of Duhok University, 22(S1), 1-9. Retrieved from https://journal.uod.ac/index.php/uodjournal/article/view/661