BADUSH DAM: PLANNED AND DESIGNED AS A PROTECTION DAM, NW IRAQ

  • VAROOJAN K. SISSAKIAN
  • NASRAT ADAMO
  • NADHIR AL-ANSAR
Keywords: Badush Dam; Mosul Dam; Karstification; Karstified Foundations; Flooding.

Abstract

Badush Dam is uncompleted combined earthfill and concrete dam, it is located on the Tigris River. The
dam is planned and designed to be a protection dam downstream of the already existing Mosul Dam to
protect population and infrastructure downstream of Mosul Dam. Thisa is attributed to the safety
concerns of Mosul Dam which suffers from severe karstification in its foundation due to the presence of
thick gypsum beds. The safety of Mosul Dam is a matter of debate since its construction and
commissioning in 1986. The construction of Badush Dam started in 1988 and suspended in 1991, although
(30 – 40) % of the dam was already built. The geological setting of Badush Dam is almost similar to that of
Mosul Dam. Therefore, the foundation of Badush Dam will suffer from the same problem which is
karstification because they are located on gypsum beds which are the same rocks under the foundations of
Mosul Dam. The thin inclined clay core and foundation treatment works indicate clearly that Badush
Dam is designed to have temporary nature which is to contain the volume of Mosul Dam wave (11 × 11
km3
) in case of collapse of Mosul Dam and to pass the wave downstream without flooding.

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Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
SISSAKIAN, V. K., ADAMO, N., & AL-ANSAR, N. (2020). BADUSH DAM: PLANNED AND DESIGNED AS A PROTECTION DAM, NW IRAQ. Journal of Duhok University, 23(2), 31-39. Retrieved from https://journal.uod.ac/index.php/uodjournal/article/view/906