PRACTICAL FIELD INVESTIGATION TO INDICATE COMMON FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT DISTRESSES THAT OCCUR IN THE MALIK MAHMOOD RING ROAD-SULAIMANIYAH CITY

  • HEMN UNIS AHMED
  • WRYA A. ABDULLAH
  • SARDAR MAJEED OMAR
  • YOUNIS M. ALSHKANE
  • ARIAN OMER MAHMOOD
Keywords: Flexible Pavement; Distresses, Cracks; Deformation; Deterioration

Abstract

When the top layer of the road defects with time, it is called distresses of the pavement. The causes for
this pavement distress vary as most of the flexible pavement structures are subjected to repeated heavy
traffic loadings and high temperature changes which causes pavement cracking, deformation and
deterioration. The existence of these defects on the road surface makes it uncomfortable and unsafe for
the users, therefore, it should be determined and treated in appropriate ways. This research is conducted
to identify the most common types of flexible pavement distresses which occur in the Sulaimaniyah city,
Iraq, and to find out different reasons behind those distresses along with proposing suitable ways for their
maintenance. The data collection was done in the Malik Mahmood ring road in the Sulaimaniyah city.
The work study is carried out in locations that are subjected only to passenger cars and heavy truck
loadings. Field surveying shows that the most common flexible pavement distresses occurred in the
selected area are various types of cracking, rutting, corrugation, shoving, patches and potholes. Finally,
recommendations on maintenance method are provided to guide the Sulaimaniyah governorate and
municipality on solving the distresses and to have a promising repairing practice for the road network

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alaamri, R. S. N., Kattiparuthi, R. A., & Koya, A. M.
(2017). Evaluation of Flexible Pavement
Failures-A Case Study on Izki
Road. International Journal of Advanced
Engineering, Management and Science, 3(7).
Abhijit, P., & Jalindar, P. (2011). Effects of bad
drainage on roads. Civil and Environmental
Research, 1(1), 1-8.
Croney, D., & Croney, P. (1991). The design and
performance of road pavements.
Hicks, R. G., Seeds, S. B., & Peshkin, D. G.
(2000). Selecting a preventative maintenance
treatment for flexible pavements. Federal
Highway Administration, Office of Asset
Management. Johanns, M., & Craig, J. (2002). Pavement
maintenance manual. Nebraska: Department
of Road, 5-10.
Kadhim, Z. A., & Mahdi, Z. A. Z. (2017). Evaluation
of Asphalt Pavement Distresses in Main
Roadways in Al-Diwaniyah City. Journal of
University of Babylon for Engineering
Sciences, 26(1), 72 - 80. Retrieved from.
Khosla, N. P., Birdsall, B. G., & Kawaguchi, S.
(1999). An in-depth evaluation of moisture
sensitivity of asphalt mixtures (No.
FHWA/NC/2002-012,).
Little, D. N., & Jones, I. V. (2003). Chemical and
mechanical processes of moisture damage in
hot-mix asphalt pavements. In Moisture
Sensitivity of Asphalt Pavements-A National
Seminar California Department of
Transportation; Federal Highway
Administration; National Asphalt Pavement
Association; California Asphalt Pavement
Alliance; and Transportation Research Board.
Little, D. N., Scullion, T., Kota, P. B., & Bhuiyan, J.
(1995). Identification of the structural benefits
of base and subgrade stabilization (No.
FHWA/TX-94/1287-2,).
Miller, J. S., & Bellinger, W. Y. (2003). Distress
identification manual for the long-term
pavement performance (LTPP) project.
FHWA-RD-03-031 (4th edition). Federal
Highway Administration.
Omer, O. G., Elsharief, A. M., & Mohamed, A. E.
(2014). Failure Investigation for Recently
Constructed Road in Khartoum State. Journal
of Geological Resource and Engineering, 2,
20-31.
Okigbo, N. (2012). Road maintenance in Nigeria, the
way forward. International journal of research
in engineering science, Pan African journal
series, Accra, Ghana.
Ogundipe, O. M. (2008). Road pavement failure
caused by poor soil properties along Aramoko-
Ilesha Highway, Nigeria. Journal of
engineering and applied sciences, 3(3), 239-
241.
Paterson, W. D. (1987). Road deterioration and
maintenance effects: Models for planning and
management.
Rashid, Z. B., & Gupta, R. (2017). Study of Defects
in Flexible Pavement and its
Maintenance. International Journal of Recent
Engineering Research and Development, 2(6),
74-77.
Rohde, G. T. (1995). Modelling Road Deterioration
and maintenance effects in HDM-4. Pavement
Strength in HDM-4 with FWDs.
Rollings, R. S. (1988). Marginal Materials for
Pavement Construction. Final Report,
Department of the Army Waterways
Experiment Station Corps of Engineers, US.
Vicksburg Mississippi, 39180-0631.
Sebesta, S. (2002a). Reworking base. In Statewide
Maintenance,” Conference, San Antonio, TX.
Sebesta, S. (2002b). Investigation of maintenance
base repairs over expansive soils: Year 1
report (No. FHWA/TX-03/0-4395-1,). Texas
Transportation Institute, Texas A & M
University System.
Stuart, K. D. (1990). Moisture damage in asphalt
mixtures-a state-of-the-art report.
Sargious, M. (1975). Pavements and surfacing for
highways and airports.
Wee, S. Y., & Teo, H. W. (2009). Potential modeling
of pavement deterioration rate due to
cracking. Journal of Civil Engineering,
Science and Technology, 1(1), 1-6.
Published
2020-12-29
How to Cite
AHMED, H. U., ABDULLAH, W. A., OMAR, S. M., ALSHKANE, Y. M., & MAHMOOD, A. O. (2020). PRACTICAL FIELD INVESTIGATION TO INDICATE COMMON FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT DISTRESSES THAT OCCUR IN THE MALIK MAHMOOD RING ROAD-SULAIMANIYAH CITY. Journal of Duhok University, 23(2), 173-182. Retrieved from https://journal.uod.ac/index.php/uodjournal/article/view/917