PRE-PRESSED AND BURNT SANDY CLAY TILES USED TO COVER EXPOSED CONCRETE ROOFS AS A SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE

  • SALAH FARHAN A. SHARIF
  • A’ADEL HATAM NAWAR
  • ABDULELAH HAMEED YASEEN
Keywords: Sustainable Construction Materials, Concrete Roofs Tilling, and Burnt Sandy Clay Tiles.

Abstract

Traditional method of concrete ceiling used in Iraq is composed of covering the steel reinforced
concrete roofs with a thin layer of asphalt covered by 7-15cm river sand, as a minimum, and then covered
with concrete slabs 80x80x5 cm which are both, heavy materials and highly conductive causing severe
problems of cost, cooling and heating tasks. In this research work a sustainable construction materials
were studied to replace those conductive and unsustainable materials. A layer of putty clay with straw is
used as a mortar on the asphalt coated concrete roof surface and then covered with tiles made of burned
sandy clay. Pre-pressed Burnt Sandy Clay Tiles (PBSCT) were developed, produced and tested by the
researchers. Used raw materials for slab manufacturing were withdrawn from Al-Anbar western desert.
Chemical and physical analysis reviled that the best selected samples were from A'amj & Al-Husayniat
quarries. Test results showed that higher silicon content, lower magnesium, potassium and sodium
compounds leads to better slabs specifications. Higher compressive strength was obtained with higher
burning temperatures as results showed 3.7 (M Pa) was the maximum reading for A'amj & Al-Husayniat
clays with burning temperature of 1320 oC. Breakdown test shows that the max result was 1.43 (M Pa) at
the same temperature.

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Published
2021-01-04
How to Cite
A. SHARIF, S. F., NAWAR, A. H., & YASEEN, A. H. (2021). PRE-PRESSED AND BURNT SANDY CLAY TILES USED TO COVER EXPOSED CONCRETE ROOFS AS A SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE. Journal of Duhok University, 23(2), 278-287. Retrieved from https://journal.uod.ac/index.php/uodjournal/article/view/933