Keywords: Lane Changing, Lane utilization, Urban roads, Driver behavior


Investigating a driver behavior under different traffic conditions is the main point to develop a
microscopic traffic model such as the Frequency of Lane Changing (FLC) and Lane Utilization (LU). The
LC model is the corner stone for developing each traffic software; especially traffic simulation models.
The main aim of this study is to investigate the FLC and LU under different traffic conditions such as
urban and rural roads. Furthermore, the FLC for each type of road two-or three-lane sections has been
investigated. Field data have mainly been collected from urban arterial roads; whereas other published
data have been used for this study. High FLC has been observed in Iraqi roads comparing with other
countries. This behavior could be attributed to the aggressive behavior and the absence of pavement


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How to Cite
AL-JAMEEL, H. A., & KADHAM, A. J. (2021). LANE CHANGING CHARACTERISTICS FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF ROADS IN NAJAF. Journal of Duhok University, 23(2), 464-477. Retrieved from