Keywords: Parking characteristics; Parking duration; University campuses; Parking inventories; Parking surveys; Parking index.


University of Duhok campus in Duhok city, Kurdistan region, Iraq, suffers from a serious mobility
problems and illegal on-street parked cars resulting from continuous development of campus without
proper policy and program to control the problem. The aim of this paper is to present empirical parking
study in University of Duhok (UoD) campus by assessing and examining the present supply of parking.
Besides, it aims to find the maximum expected number of parking spaces that would be able to
accommodate the current parked vehicles, and the expected number of parking spaces to accommodate
the future demand of spaces. Several related parking surveys were conducted in the university campus,
involved: current parking supply, computing the available off street parking capacity, license plate survey
and questionnaire survey for campus parkers. The UoD main campus inventory results indicated that
there are 2,027 available spaces which distribute on 27 lots. Campus parkers’ behavior has been evaluated
from quantitative samples (more than 600) of parkers. Data was collected laterally nine hours by
observing and recording the vehicles license plate number to study vehicles parking duration. It was
observed that a massive number of vehicles were parked with short parking duration and the maximum
parking index was appeared from 10:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. With the continuous progress in campus
population and land uses development for different purposes, the UoD main campus suffers from
insufficient supply spaces for parkers. In addition to that, it is estimated that the parking spaces demand
will remain to growth in the forthcoming years due to the campus circumstance.


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How to Cite
ASWAD, N. H. (2021). EMPIRICAL PARKING STUDY IN UNIVERSITY OF DUHOK CAMPUS. Journal of Duhok University, 23(2), 584-600. Retrieved from https://journal.uod.ac/index.php/uodjournal/article/view/959