• HANEEN ISLAM SALEEM Dept. of EnglishLanguages, College of languages, University of Duhok
  • HAKAR HAZIM M.AMEEN Dept. of EnglishLanguages, College of languages, University of Duhok
Keywords: Conversation Analysis, Element of conversation organization, Turn Taking, Strategies of Turn Taking.


The current study investigates the essential strategies of turn taking of conversations from an analytical point of view. The data were collected from everyday conversations, namely face to face conversations, of some students of Duhok University to identify the basic structures of talk in interactions in Krmanji Kurdish. Stenstrom theory (1994) has been chosen for studying the strategies of turn taking of casual conversation in Kurdish. The current study analyses the Badini Kurdish students (4 participants) in conversations. The study concludes that conversations are not always produced in a typical way. Some actions happen in conversation when participants communicate about topics. Participants constantly try to switch turns and therefore change from their roles as listeners to speakers, topic initiators to topic followers. Also, interrupting each other to take turns, or waiting till the other interacts and finishes his/her talk. Moreover, Hearers could make some sounds or signs to indicate that they are listening to the speakers


Download data is not yet available.


Ben Tahar, Otmane.(2016). Contrastive Conversation Analysis: Telephone Calls in Moroccan Arabic And English. Unpublished MA thesis. Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University
Halliday, M (1985). Spoken and Written Language. Waurn Ponds: Deakin University Press.
Mazeland, H ,. (2006). ‘Conversation Analysis’. University of Groninger, The Netherlands.
McCarthy, M. (2001). Discourse. In R. Carter & D. Nunan (eds), The Cambridge Guide to Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages, 48-55. Cambridge: C.U.P.
McCarthy, M., C. Matthiessen & D. Slade. (2002). Discourse analysis. In N. Schmitt (ed.), An Introduction to Applied Linguistics, 55-73. London: Arnold.
Nunan, D. (1999). Second Language Teaching and Learning. Boston: MA: Heinle and Heinle.
Palmer, H and H Redman (1932). This Language LearningBusiness. London: Harrap
Perakyla, A. (2008). Conversation Analysis. The Blackwell Enclopedia of Sociology
Schegloff, E. A. (1995). Discourse as an interactional achievement III: The omnirelevance of
action. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 28, 185–211.
Shokouhi, H. & G. Kamyab. (2004). Analyzing Discourse: multivariant perspectives. Ahwaz: Shahid Chamran University Press.
Spolsky, B. (1998). Sociolinguistics. (ed) by H. G. Widdowsom. Oxford University Press
Stenstrom, A. B. (1994). An Introduction to Spoken Interaction.London and New York: Longman.
How to Cite
SALEEM , H. I., & M.AMEEN, H. H. (2021). TURN TAKING STRATEGIES IN KURDISH CASUAL CONVERSATION. Journal of Duhok University, 24(1), 355-364. https://doi.org/10.26682/hjuod.2021.24.1.17
Humanities and Social Sciences