• MOSA ASAAD IBRAHIM Dept. of Forestry, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
  • MOHAMMAD K. HASSAN Dept. of Recreation and Ecotourism, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
Keywords: Economic Valuation, Forest Services, Kurdistan Region, Oak Forest, Pine Forest, Zawita Forest.


Forest is a kind of natural reserve that provides many goods and services. This work intended to value a group of environmental services (water and soil conservation, carbon sequestration, oxygen generation, nutrient cycling, and air purification) provided by two forest types that exist in Zawita area, namely pine forest and oak forest. This study depended on data collected from forest inventory, key informant interviews, secondary data, and state institutions and from published and unpublished sources. The economic value of only the environmental services that were evaluated for each of pine forest and oak forest in 2022 were 705,000 ID (479.28 US$) and 213,000 ID (144.61 US$)/ha/year respectively. These results present valuable information which could be considered by decision maker to develop policies that enhance the sustainability of Zawita forest


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Agriculture and Veterinary Science