PROPOSED EFFECTIVE WIDTH CRITERIA FOR SLAB DECK BRIDGES UNDER MILITARY TRACKED LOAD
For any slab deck bridge, the ultimate loading strength is obtained based on the distribution of that
loading to a slab effective width that recommended in the adopted specifications. In this study, a simplified
procedure with a design equation is presented. This procedure depends on the determination of the
moments developed in a slab deck bridge and thus the slab effective width that loading is distributed to.
The study employs the Iraqi military tracked load. The procedure applies to right, simply supported slab
deck bridges with and without edge stiffening beams based on the aspect ratio that represents the ratio of
the slab width to length. A 3D finite element analysis by a well-known programme ABAQUS was
conducted to analyse the whole bridges and to give the values of moments that will be used in the
derivation of an equation to calculating the slab effective width. Furthermore, a comparison between the
effective width of this study and the AASHTO and LRFD specifications was conducted. It is found that
this method gives some conservative results in comparison with AASHTO and LRFD standards because
other standards have some limitations, besides not to take in consideration all the parameters required
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