EFFECT OF GRAVEL DUST AND LIMESTONE DUST ON GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF CLAYEY SOIL
Gravel dust and limestone dust are types of solid waste materials that are obtained from the crusher
plant. These materials are dumped-off in high amount causing a negative impact on the environment and
creating serious hazards on health. As the construction activities are increased in developing countries, the
demand of crushed gravel and crushed limestone for roads, airfields, railway ballast, buildings and
concrete work are increased. This study attempted to investigate the effect of gravel dust and limestone
dust on geotechnical properties of clayey soil. Testing program including Atterberg limits, compaction,
CBR and free swell tests, were performed on clay with the dust at varying amounts (10, 20, 30 and 40%).
The results showed that the Atterberg limits of clay decrease in proportion to increases in the amount of
dust. The increase in gravel dust contents decreased the compaction characteristics of clay. However, the
MDD increased and OMC decreased with increase in limestone dust contents. A series of soaked CBR
tests were conducted on the clay-dust mixtures of gravel dust and limestone dust. The dust was mixed with
the clay of different weight percentages. The results showed a general increase in the CBR value of clay
with the addition of dust. The CBR value increased gradually with the gravel dust content. The maximum
CBR was obtained at optimum limestone dust content, approximately 20%. Swelling percentages
decreased gradually with the dust content. The tests results revealed that it is possible to use gravel dust
and limestone dust for improving the properties of clayey soil.
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