Keywords: State-of-the-art; Plastic waste; Polyethylene terephthalate (PET); Fresh and hardened concrete properties


It is well known that the foremost environmental sustainability concern derives from the abundance of
the plastic waste. The growing problem of the plastic waste originates from the presence of Polyethylene
terephthalate (PET) from plastic bottles. Nevertheless, the versatile performance of PET in terms of its
lightweight, strong, flexible, moisture-resistant, and cheap can make it a replacement substance for
aggregates in green concrete. On the other hand, PET replacement has mostly been restricted to
non-structural uses, generally due to its lower strength/stiffness, larger creep and shrinkage, poorer
durability associated to natural aggregate concrete (NAC). This paper presents a comprehensive review of
the published studies on waste recycled plastic by means of fine aggregate replacements. Parameters
including fresh concrete properties (workability and density) and the hardened concrete properties
(compressive strength and splitting strength) have been considered. After a detailed review it was found
that most of the studies conducted in the area of using PET as a fine replacement outlined the adherence
between concrete and PET.


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How to Cite
QAIDI, S. M. A., & AL-KAMAKI, Y. S. S. (2021). STATE-OF-THE-ART REVIEW: CONCRETE MADE OF RECYCLED WASTE PET AS FINE AGGREGATE. Journal of Duhok University, 23(2), 412-429. Retrieved from